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Use Of Human Shield In Kashmir – A Legal Analysis

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The Battle of the Oil Titans: Qatar drags UAE to the ICJ alleging violations of the CERD

In what can be said as a fresh face-off in already hostile relations between The State of Qatar and Gulf countries, the former acting under parens patraie doctrine has initiated proceedings at the International Court of Justice against United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 11th June invoking Article 36, paragraph 1, of the Statute of the Court and Article 22 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965 (hereinafter CERD). The proceedings come a year after Qatar was accused of funding terrorism in the region keeping in view its proximity with Iran and consequently, Egypt, Bahrain, UAE and Saudi Arabia severed its diplomatic and trade ties with it. Qatar (Applicant) in its application to the Court contends that “[t]he UAE has enacted and implemented a series of discriminatory measures directed at Qataris based expressly on their national origin [that] remain in effect to this day, resulting in alleged human rights violations.”
According to Qatar…

Qatar vs UAE, ICJ Hearing for indication of Provisional Measures

The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, will hold public hearings from Wednesday 27 to Friday 29 June 2018, in the proceedings instituted by the State of Qatar on 11 June 2018 against the United Arab Emirates, at the Peace Palace in The Hague, the seat of the Court.

The hearings will be devoted to the Request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by Qatar.

Schedule for the hearings: 

First round of oral argument: 

Wednesday 27 June 10 a.m – 1 p.m: Qatar  Thursday     28 June 10 a.m – 1 p.m: United Arab Emirates 
Second round of oral argument: 
Friday 29 June 10.00 a.m. – 11.30 a.m.: Qatar                            4.30 p.m. –   6.00 p.m.: United Arab Emirates




The 2017–18 Qatar diplomatic crisis began when several countries abruptly cut off diplomatic relations with Qatar in June 2017. These countries included Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt, which imposed a "land, sea, and air blockade" on …

Qatar invokes ICJ Jurisdiction against UAE- Alleges Racial Discrimination

The State of Qatar on the 11th of July, instituted proceedings against the United Arab Emirates at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), with regard to alleged violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,1965 (hereinafter the “CERD”), to which both States are parties. Qatar invoked the ICJ's jurisdiction under Article 36, paragraph 1, of the Statute of the Court and Article 22 of the CERD. Qatar contended that the UAE has enacted and implemented a series of discriminatory measures directed at Qataris based expressly on their national origin [that] remain in effect to this day, resulting in alleged human rights violations. According to Qatar, on and following 5 June 2017, the UAE expelled all Qataris within its borders; prohibited them from entering or passing through the UAE; closed UAE airspace and seaports to Qatar and Qataris; interfered with the rights of Qataris who own property in the UAE; limited the rights of Qatar…

Reparations for acts of Non-State Actors under International Law

Armed conflict leads to vast destruction and devastation, the kind of harm that can only be attempted to be corrected but can never actually be fully repaired. When punishing individuals of the grave transgressions as are under the subject matter jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, it is necessary that the Court decide what function of punishment it wants to pursue - is it deterrence, retribution, punitive, restoration or reparation. While the International Military Tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo was largely retributive and there was no mention of victims at all, the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda acknowledged the purposes of punishment as deterrent and retributive as was illustrated in the case of Prosecutor v. Tadic (Case No. IT-96-21-Y, Judgment, 16 November 1998) and Prosecutor v. Akayesu (Case No. ICTR-96-4-T, Sentence, 2 October 1998), while some have recognized the reconciliation to be a purpose of punishment, Prosecutor v. Furundzij…

India's Role To Create a World Without Nuclear Weapons

[This article is written by our Empaneled Contributor Sarthak Roy] The UNSC (United Nations Security Council) recently passed Resolution 2371 to impose new sanctions on North Korea for its continued intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) tests and violations of UN resolutions. While 122 UN member countries are keen on a nuclear weapon free world, the nine nuclear weapon powers along with the 28 NATO nations chose to abstain from the adoption process on a Draft “Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons” (TPNW) on 07 July 2017. These countries reasoned that the Draft Treaty will not be able to address threats to the existing international security architecture by flagrant violators of international law. Their reference was primarily to North Korean nuclear weapon capabilities. Senior advocate of Supreme Court of India Harish Salve who represented the country at the ICJ in 2016 against the Marshall Islands justified New Delhi’s refusal to sign the NPT based on “enlightened self-intere…

People of Nowhere: A Look into India's plan to Evict Rohingya Refugees

Who Are the Rohingyas?
The Rohingya people are Muslim Indo-Aryan peoples from the Rakhine State, Myanmar. According to the Rohingyas and some scholars, they are indigenous to Rakhine State, while other historians claim that the group represents a mixture of pre-colonial and colonial immigrations. The official stance of the Myanmar government, however, has been that the Rohingyas are mainly illegal immigrants who migrated into Arakan following Burmese independence in 1948 or after the Bangladesh liberation war in 1971.  Rejected by the country they call home and unwanted by its neighbors, the Rohingya are impoverished, virtually stateless and have been fleeing Myanmar in droves and for decades.

The Begining :
On October 9, 2016, about 400 armed men attacked three Border Guard Posts on Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh in the northwestern state of Rakhine, home to 8,00,000 to 1 million Muslims who call themselves Rohingya. Nine policemen were killed; eight of the attackers lost their live…

Charting the economic and political repercussions of Neymar’s transfer

Last week and half, witnessed the long-drawn Neymar Junior transfer come to its conclusion. Yes, Paris Saint Germain finally got their jackpot, for a fee close to 220 million Euros, which would rise close to half a billion Euros with wages included. By the numbers being thrown around, if Neymar was a country, he would rank 206th in terms of GDP, ahead of Marshall Islands and Palau. In the soap opera that unfolded, Neymar’s record transfer fee from Barcelona was twice as much as the previous world record, set last summer when Paul Pogba joined Manchester United. With Qatar bankrolling PSG with its petrodollars, this post would analyse the economic and political ramifications that has shaken up the world of football in the aftermath of this deal of the century. Amidst all the hysteria surrounding the ‘moral hazards’ of clubs dizzying riches, this transfer has the possibility to recalibrate its intentions and responsibilities towards its supporters. 
Failure of Financial Fair Play
The Fin…