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Showing posts from April, 2017

Conflict and women – 10 facts about conflict and its impact on women

War has catastrophic impacts on humanity – regardless of where it takes place, and regardless of the nature of the armed conflict. Mass displacements, large-scale crimes, disruption of normal civilian lives and the inadequacy of resources are only a few of the myriad issues that challenge people during and after war, until a state of peace is restored. Arguably the impact is greater on women – although this is not with any intent to discount the adversities that men face. By choosing to say “greater”, it is to suggest that the triple role of women in society, i.e., the fact that women tend to work longer and more fragmented days than men, as they are usually involved in three different gender roles – reproductive, productive and community work. The impact of conflict in these three roles, coupled with the purportedly “sacred” notions of honour, social encumbrances and chastity that women are subjected to in peace-time makes them the greater of the genders in terms of the impact of conf…

The Trial of Kulbhushan Jadhav: A Miscarriage of Justice & Law

According to the Pakistani government, on 3 March 2016,  Mr. KulbhusanJadhav was arrested inside Balochistan during a counter-intelligence raid conducted by Pakistani security forces. He was arrested in Mashkel near the border region of Chaman, having made illegal entry into Pakistan via Iran. Pakistani security forces reported that Yadav was a serving officer in the Indian Navy and asserted that he was commissioned to the Research and Analysis Wing, India's external intelligence agency. They accused him of being a spy and being involved in subversive activities in Balochistan and Karachi. Jadhav was later shifted to Islamabad for interrogation. Yadav served with their navy but at the same time denied that he was an agent for an intelligence agency. Indian Ministry of External Affairs communicated that Jadhav took premature retirement from the navy and the government had no link since his retirement from the Indian Navy. India expounded that Pakistan had fabricated the documents …

The need for a legislative framework for peacekeeping.

A perusal of international conventions and treaties will reveal that the word “peacekeeping” is conspicuous by its absence. The establishment of the United Nations and the coming into force of the UN Charter was the birth of a new world order and a new foundation document for the world community to adhere to. The UN Charter had several aims that encouraged its birth and still drives its existence, of which the most prominent has been the idea of saving the succeeding generations from the scourge of war. This notion has given birth to the ambition of maintaining international peace and security, and under this, the process of peacekeeping was born.

Despite the absence of provisions that mandate or regulate peacekeeping in the sense that it has come to be, by and large, the legal basis for such action has been the provisions under Chapters VI (Pacific Settlement of Disputes), VII (Action with Respect to Peace, Breaches of Peace and Acts of Aggression) and VIII (Regional Arrangements) of …

Legality & Consequences of US Strikes on Syria Airbase

A few days back, we woke up to the heart-wrenching news of how Syrians in the village of Khan Shaykhun had been attacked with the deadly nerve agent, sarin gas. While details are still emerging regarding these attacks, the World Health Organization has confirmed that at least 70 persons- including 21 children died of “exposure to highly toxic chemicals.” A look into the past antecedents of the Syrian crisis would bring to light the 2013 attacks on the Damascus suburb ofGhouta,wherein also the dreaded sarin nerve agent was deployed. The Ghouta attacks had then led to US contemplation of air strikes against facilities controlled by Bashar al- Assad in Syria. With an air of uncertainty around, a compromise was reached wherein the Assad regime had agreed to surrender its chemical weapons stockpiles for inspection and removal by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Subsequent confirmation came from the OPCW-UN Joint Mission in Syria about the inspection and des…